The results in production for case study #2 were a decrease in scrap from 22% to 3.6% which provided an annual savings of $118,000. The removal of the gate also resulted in a $4,000 annual savings for the slight yield improvement that was realized by this change.
Research and simulation both highlight opportunities for iron foundries to reduce scrap rates and customer rejections, and the large costs associated with them. MAGMASOFT® and MAGMAiron are essential tools for foundry engineering as they seek to reduce air entrapment, splashing, high metal velocities and mold erosion while ensuring that the casting is sound as far as shrinkage porosity is concerned.
 Gagné, M. & Paquin, Marie-Pierre & Cabanne, Pierre, 2008. “Dross in Ductile Iron: Source, formation and explanation,” 68th World Foundry Congress 2008, WFC 2008. 101-106.
 Hojjat Majidi, S., Beckermann, C., Fainberg, J., Schäfer, W. and Bodenburg, M., 2018/ “Modelling Approach and Challenges in Simulating Dross Formation in Ductile Iron Castings,” In Materials Science Forum (Vol. 925, pp. 419-426). Trans Tech Publications Ltd.
 Diószegi, A., Elmquist, L., Orlenius, J. and Dugic, I., 2009. “DEFECT FORMATION OF GRAY IRON CASTING”. International Journal of Metalcasting, 3(4).
 Nashwan, Z. and Griffiths, W.D., 2019. “Entrainment Defects in Cast Iron”, In Shape Casting: 7th International Symposium Celebrating Prof. John Campbell's 80th Birthday (pp. 17-29). Springer International Publishing.